Selecting WiFi router for home – a process to which many users of broadband Internet access somehow suited quite lightly. Often, the main selection criterion – the price: the cheaper the better – the main thing that worked. But that – as WiFi router then will work and how many good things (or not), then have to say in the direction of its producers – unfortunately not everyone thinks. And for good reason.
I will help you make the right conclusions and to choose the most productive WiFi router for optimal money. In advance I want to warn all my tips are based on years of experience working with network equipment. Of course, reading the various forums, blogs and reviews you can stumble at times, on the facts, in something opposite given in the article. But I do not claim to truth – I just share with you their own experience, and I hope that it will be useful to you. We will start with a small theoretical digression.
First, let’s take a closer look – what is WiFi-router and what it eats. Normal home wireless router or a WiFi router, as it is often called – is a device, the meaning of which works in a nutshell: to connect to the network provider and “hand out” on the Internet connected devices. Inside, under the body, hiding a minicomputer, equal in power personal computers about 10 years ago. He also has a processor and memory – operative and constant. At the WiFi-router must have at least one Ethernet port, which is connected to the cable provider.
An example is the WiFi router ASUS WL-330N: wifi router asus But it is like a mini-version. Usually have WiFi router has 1 WAN port (for connecting the cable provider) and 4 LAN ports (for connection of existing computers at home, set-top boxes, etc.). Conventionally, WiFi-routers can be divided into 5 types: 1. ADSL WiFi-Wireless routers routers are used for the connection on ADSL. WAN-port for telephone connector RJ11. 2. Ethernet (FTTB) WiFi-routers. The most commonly used wireless routers used to connect the twisted pair (Ethernet FTTB). WAN-port connector for regular RJ45. 3. CPON / CEPON / PON WiFi-routers relatively recently appeared a device for connecting to the PON passive optical networks (so-called Fiber to the apartment). As the WAN-port – optical pigtail SC. 4. 3G WiFi-routers Wireless routers are used for accessing the Internet through a cellular network providers. WAN-port itself on 3G WiFi-router is not, as the technology does not mean 3G wires. 5. Universal WiFi-routers there is also the so-called universal routers – that is, devices that can be connected to several connectivity technologies.
The most frequent option – ADSL + Ethernet (FTTB) or Ethernet (FTTB) + 3G. In such devices, built another communication module – ADSL- or 3G-module. In this article I will examine the usual home Ethernet WiFi-routers. And that’s why. ADSL-modems and GPON / GEPON / PON-terminals are usually issued to the subscriber provider when you connect. And then arises the need to purchase additional WiFi-router. The same things and with universal devices – 99% of their issues and choice of provider is really something and does not provide. Before you choose a WiFi-router.
Before you choose a home WiFi-router, you need to determine for itself its goals and objectives, that is, the device that you want to receive and how many are willing to pay for it. It’s one thing when you choose a budget device for internet surfing and entertainment, and another thing, if you want to squeeze the most out of your router – constant pumping, the organization of home media server or network storage, IPTV connectivity and other interactive services.
With regards to ports WiFi router physical ports – You only need to decide on the rate. To date, 95% will be enough conventional 100-megabit ports (so-called-a FastEthernet ports). The need for Gigabit Ethernet-ports is present extremely rare and often the user just wants to have a gigabit home network. 3. WiFi on the WiFi-wireless router module and its implementation it is necessary to pay special attention. To begin with, I strongly recommend taking a WiFi-routers with internal antenna. First, the internal antenna gain are weak – as a rule, not more than 2 dBi. On a small one-bedroom apartment that may be enough, but for housing the antenna should be more on the more powerful. The second factor – the inability to change the antenna to a more powerful or directed. In this case the need arises. For the same reason, the routers on the outside, but a non-removable antenna I would also advise to take only as a last resort. The best option for two 5dBi antennas in a MIMO mode. This option will provide good coverage and great over WiFi speeds.
The second point which is very important – supports WiFi standards. Manufacturers of networking equipment in the competition for the customer trying to make your device even cheaper by over WiFi data rates – put cheaper components and a single antenna. All modern home WiFi-routers have the notation that it supports high-speed Standard – 802.11n, allowing to reach speeds of up to 600 Mbit / c using 4 antennas. But the cheapest routers put one antenna and write Wireless 150, which means that the maximum speed of not more than 150 Mbit / c (and it you will never get).
The router with two antennas, supporting speeds of up to 300 Mbit / c is marked as Wireless 300. It costs usually more expensive to 50-150 rubles. But overpaying just a little bit you will get better quality coverage wireless network of your home plus more and the transmission rate will be better. Therefore it is better to take just such a device. How to choose a home Wi-Fi router, wifi router how to choose a wireless router have a module WiFi 802.11n standard coverage is much greater and therefore the reception quality is much better. If you need to squeeze the maximum over WiFi – pay attention to the device with three antennas and support for 5 GHz band. If you are on a network have an old laptop or smart phone with an adapter standard 802.11b and 802.11g – do not be alarmed, the new standards have backward compatibility. In addition, these routers are dual-band – that is, one range – 2.4 GHz, which will operate the old device. And the second – for 5GHz devices able to operate in this range. By the way, recently went on sale wireless routers that support the fastest to date, the IEEE 802.11ac standard, which supports speeds of 450 Mbit / c and to the theoretically maximum 7 Gbit / c.
The cost of WiFi-router is very, very high. In my opinion the next year and a half of it is not worth to pay that kind of money. 4.Apparatnaya filling router In this regard, home WiFi routers is the same as the home computer – the more powerful processor and more RAM you have, the greater will be the burden of pulling the device. For example, if you have a data plan with a speed up to 100 Mbit / s, then really squeeze the speed PPPoE and L2TP routers in the price range of up to 1,500 rubles, almost can not. Well, with very few exceptions.
Therefore, if your goal – to download as much as you can and as quickly as possible – take home a device with more powerful hardware stuffing. 5.Programmny functional WiFi router In this case, almost all of SOHO-devices is the same, except for some additional functionality that I will describe below, in the fifth paragraph. Protocols Internet access: Almost every router can run any network provider, as now in the protocols Internet access, modern WiFi-routers “omnivorous” – a minimum set of PPTP, L2TP, PPPoE, Dynamic IP and Static IP.
A rare exception is the old model, and some members of the universal routers. But this is the exception rather than the rule. IPTV Support: Even if you currently do not plan to take advantage of your cable IPTV service provider – do not rush. Maybe next year you change your mind. But then we need to change and the router. Therefore, it is necessary to take a router that is able to separate at least one LAN-port of the group and turn it into a mode of “transparent bridge”. As an ideal option – the router must be able to work with traffic tagging (802.1q), that is, to know that this VLAN ID. Some providers – it is a prerequisite, and it is better to clarify technical support. 6. Additional features Among the additional features of the router I took the presence of USB-ports, built-in print server, the DLNA server, Samba, and of FTP-servers, torrent client. Most often, this multi-functional WiFi router for home users looking for is already conscious that knows what she wants and, more importantly, why. Overpay for it, if you do not use it – it makes no sense. 7. With regards to brand the brand – I had to the brand do not pay attention – good models have each manufacturer, as well as frankly bad. Each brand has its admirers and opponents, online forums inflame the whole battle. I give my opinion, which has developed over a very long time to work with routers: problems happen at all. For example, a WiFi router D-Link’s very frequent software problems and problems with the wireless connection, which can be solved updating firmware.
Just a lot of defects in the hardware. Better things from TP-Link and Netgear, although too much depends on the particular model. With Asus is less common in Linksys and Zyxel practically does not occur, but there are exceptions. Just keep in mind that if you take the initial model in the model range of any manufacturer – then be prepared for the fact that the device may have problems, because it saved as a manufacturer would. And anyway, if you have a very strong sandwiched budget – it is better to look at the advanced models of the third wave of manufacturers – WiFi routers Tenda and Upvel. These devices are 100% Chinese (remaining 95%)), but with very good filling for the money. Tenda is considered the leader of the Chinese market home wireless network devices. As a result, for 800 rubles you get not weak WiFi router on the Broadcom chip fast, even with two antennas, MIMO-5 or even 7 dBi.